Museums and Art

Makovsky Vladimir Egorovich - biography and paintings

Makovsky Vladimir Egorovich - biography and paintings

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Makovsky Vladimir Egorovich belonged to the Wanderers, is known for paintings of the domestic genre. His father, an accountant, was a devoted admirer of art, and his mother a singer.

The Makovsky family was distinguished by hospitality, they were visited with pleasure by famous musicians, writers, artists. Vladimir and his brothers and sister grew up in an environment conducive to creativity. The first drawing lessons to the boy were taught by V. A. Tropinin.

At the age of 15, the young man entered the Moscow School of Painting and Sculpture and graduated with a large silver medal. After that, Makovsky went to St. Petersburg and entered the Academy of Arts. Three years later he received a gold medal.

At 23, the artist married A.P. Gerasimova. The couple had two boys, Alexander and Konstantin. In the future, one will become a painter, a second architect. The biography of the artist’s brother, Konstantin Egorovich, we covered here.

To feed his family, Makovsky had to work hard. He took on any orders: he drew for printing publications, painted icons, painted rooms.

In 1872, V. Makovsky joined the Association of Wanderers. Inspired by the ideas of Narodism, painters raised acute social issues in their works. In contrast to official academicism, the Wanderers promoted realism. Makovsky actively participated in the exhibitions of the partnership and even became a member of his board.

Makovsky's paintings were very popular with the public. His works are reminiscent of the early stories of A. Chekhov - in one climactic scene he manages to reveal the character of the heroes, tell their fate, and leave something to the spectator for speculation. Some plots of Makovsky’s paintings are lyrical, others are tragic, while others are ironic. Being an attentive observer, the artist noticed around himself the future heroes of his works. Contemporaries perfectly understood what the author wanted to convey to them, because the plots were dictated by life itself.

For his work “Lovers of nightingale singing” V. Makovsky received a prize and was awarded the title of academician. This painting was exhibited in Vienna and was a great success.

The artist was also worried about the political processes in the country. He painted several paintings on the persecution of revolutionary populists: “Parties”, “Waiting”, “Convicted”, “Justified”, “Prisoner” and others. These works caused a great resonance in society.

Since 1882, Makovsky has been a senior lecturer at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture for 12 years.

In the 80s, the artist turned to hot topics: the plight of the peasants and the common people. He writes such paintings as “Bank Crash”, “On the Boulevard”, “For Medicine”, “Sleeping Home”, “Date”, “Visiting the Poor”, etc. All these works without embellishment show cruel reality.

Every year, Makovsky makes trips to Ukraine, to the Crimea, to the Volga. These trips give him new experiences and stories. Especially the artist was fascinated by Ukrainian nature and culture. He created such soulful paintings as “Mother and Daughter”, “Girls Illuminated by the Sun”, “Sermon in the Ukrainian Church”, “Bachelorette Party” and others.

Vladimir Yegorovich was also engaged in illustration of the works of Gogol, Pushkin, Lermontov. His drawings are distinguished by the accurate transfer of the characters and emotions of the heroes. The artist especially liked Gogol's Dead Souls. He illustrated them several times.

Makovsky was a great music lover. His special love was the violin. He even acquired a rare Guarneri tool. True, he played only for himself and at home concerts.

In 1894 V.E. Makovsky moved to St. Petersburg. He was offered a place as a teacher of the genre painting class at the Academy of Arts.

In 1898, the artist’s wife, Anna Petrovna, dies. Soon he will marry again singer Olga Makarova.

The artist witnessed the tragic events in the Khodynka field in 1896. During the celebrations dedicated to the coronation of Nicholas II, many people died in a crush. The result was the writing of the paintings “Khodynka” and “Vagankovskoye Cemetery”, which immediately became banned.

The revolution of 1905 also impressed the artist. These events were reflected in the paintings Interrogation of the Revolutionary and January 9, 1905 on Vasilyevsky Island.

After the 1917 revolution, Vladimir Yegorovich was granted a new pension by the new authorities, but the artist continued to work, depicting the reality of Soviet Russia. Makovsky died in 1920, leaving behind a rich artistic heritage.